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2018引力場:城市微空間計劃工作營評圖會

Gravitational Field 2018: A Proposal Evaluation Meeting of the Work Camp of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan

2018.09.14

2018年9月6日下午,由GOA大象設計與Let`s Talk論壇、喜布特展共同舉辦的“2018‘引力場’——城市微空間計劃工作營”評圖會在中國美術學院12號樓舉行。在本次評圖會中,來自同濟大學、東南大學、中國美術學院三所高校的六名參賽選手帶來了各自的參賽方案,并同在場15位評委們展開了精彩的思維碰撞。











“引力場”活動簡介

城市微空間復興計劃

“引力場”

2018工作營

引力場——建筑藝術與公共文化的多場耦合”是由GOA大象設計發起的系列活動,迄今已成功舉辦兩屆。GOA大象設計希望通過特定公共空間改造項目的研究、建造過程,發現和培養未來優秀青年建筑師,為他們提供展現創造力的平臺;同時,建成項目將成為融合社區活動、藝術表演、親子游樂等多功能于一身,激發街區活力的“城市引力場”。



2018年GOA大象設計與Let`s Talk論壇聯合發起“2018引力場”工作營,共同延續對城市更新的關注。本次活動邀請的評委超過學員1倍多,這樣選擇為的是最終的作品能有一個更經得起推敲的呈現。同時,這種實際搭建和院校合作的方式也是對現有建筑學教學方式的一種積極探索。GOA大象設計和眾位知名建筑導師將參與者提供指導,成果將于11月初在上海當代藝術博物館(PSA)前廣場搭建呈現,并有一系列學術及公眾活動隨之展開。







“2018‘引力場’——城市微空間計劃工作營”評圖會現場

2018“引力場”

城市微空間計劃工作營

評圖會現場回顧

“引力場”活動需求介紹

賈 布

喜布特展創始人



“引力場”活動始終堅持的兩個核心要件:藝術裝置和現場活動。作為一個公共藝術品,必須符合公眾審美標準,同時能滿足使用要求。

- 場地升級:今年的場地位上海當代藝術博物館(PSA)門口的空地,面積達2300平方米。

- 展場要求:今年我們將引入新的展覽形式“閃電展”,即每天換一個展覽,10點布展,19點撤展,物料不能過夜,要求藝術家使用輕質作品。因此引力場的空間也要匹配布展和撤展需求,展覽照明以自然光為主。

- 劇場要求:休息、活動、小型討論會

今年11月10日PSA將舉行上海雙年展,該展在全世界范圍內都具有很大影響力,到時將會有大量人流在我們這個空間停留。

設計條件分析

王 彥

同濟大學建筑與城規學院客座教授

GOA大象設計總建筑師



PSA是上海最具影響力的當代藝術場館,但它門前的場地從未有任何活動發生,該土地管理使用權不屬于PSA,而是屬于近旁的世博最佳實驗區(現為辦公園區)。白天辦公人群不會到這個場地來,晚間周邊居民會在這里停留,但由于沒有任何設施,人流屬于無組織狀態。這里緊鄰黃浦江,由于去年上海市黃浦江沿岸貫通工程完成,濱江慢跑成為上海市民的一大愛好。夜跑的人很多,但同樣不會特意到這塊場地來活動。



營員匯報




本項目強調與社會聯系,從挖掘場地潛力出發,為社區提供更多活動交流的可能性,創造獨特愉快的空間體驗。本項目將于11月11日開幕,為該地區注入強勁活力。來自東南大學,同濟大學,中國美術學院三校的6位同學在建筑、結構、施工、材料多工種顧問指導下,通力合作緊張完成方案。

小組一

>>> 聚散——劇場 <<<

張旭、喬潤澤

東南大學建筑學院大四學生



任務:端頭形象展示、與PSA入口形象呼應、與其他部分共存

策略:結構·聚散



對使用者來說,結構向著城市發散(散),使人群聚集過來(聚);

從形式上來說,聚和散是結構在形式上的特征;
對設計者來說,結構設計貫穿各個階段(聚),延伸至各個方面 (散)。



結構從頂面發散而后經立面在底面匯合,契合了設計的邏輯。結構方式,傳力方式和空間效果彼此吻合,既符合形象主題,也符合功能主題。





通過舞臺面向街道,吸引人流進入,進而,內部活動的發生,如演講、演出、秀場等方式,吸引人們參與進來,賦予其更加豐富的使用意義。



技術:鋼結構搭建



覆面材料選擇波紋鋼板



燈光布置,與波紋方向平行


小組二


>>> 穿云——趣場 <<<

虞思源、李嘉文

中國美術學院建筑藝術學院大四學生




問題:場地過于空曠,白天這里幾乎毫無活動發生,只有夜幕降臨之時,才會有一些居民到這里活動。



期望:整個廣場可以全天候的利用起來,通過微更新重新煥發廣場活力。

著手點:漂浮的云霧,人們在云霧中穿行,既躲避了烈日又其樂無窮。



趣場是本次引力場活動中變動最大的,從剛開始的整個場地全面鋪開,到后來的集中在場地前半部分的亭子,趣場成為了一個具有豐富界面的城市休憩亭。



論點:一個具有豐富界面的城市休憩亭



三角形板形成多層次的視覺進深,對外部呈現出開放的姿態,內部的多種活動也在等待著發生。 



結構上,主要采用工字型鋼與螺栓現場鉸接。



小組三

>>> 回望——展場 <<<

楊天周、鄧希帆

同濟大學建筑與規劃學院大四學生



思考:從“展”本身入手考慮,是否可以讓當代藝術館本身就成為一個展覽品。



分析:煙囪作為工業時代的象征,在現在的“互聯網時代”已經屬于較為落后的一方,PSA改造了這些曾經以為應該推倒的建筑,賦予其新的意義,使人們重新認識到了這些建筑的價值。



策略:把展場放在PSA的中軸線上,為最佳觀看視角。



在體量上經過自由平面、方形平面和三角平面等多種方式的推敲,最后在材料、構造和結構的多方面考慮下確定下三角錐的體量形式,穩定感較強,且在剖面上的高度變化也能塑造不同的功能空間。



在入口的考慮上,從南側進入流線組織較為方便,觀看煙囪的視覺效果也更好。



在展場內最佳拍攝點


材料上,以波紋鋼板為主,少量陽光板


節點設計上采用統一龍骨,連接桿件、鋪裝、燈帶、插座統一考慮。


評圖問答


>> 關于“總體協調” <<<



評委:你們在設計過程中是如何與甲方溝通的,清楚這個項目的甲方是誰么?

營員:這個項目的設計方是三校聯合,我們的甲方也是三方聯合體。我們在需求上要和負責藝術策展和展期活動的賈布老師配合,GOA的王彥老師提出了功能、預算、材料等要求,而戴春老師為我們解釋了城市微更新的意義并為我們把握學術方向。我們每周一次的方案溝通會,設計團隊和甲方團隊都有非常充分的溝通。




評委:規劃是如何確定的?


營員:各組同學都做了一個規劃方案,展場部分先定位整組建筑開始的部分,然后是面對街道的劇場和鏈接兩者的趣場,這是共同工作的過程。總體布局的要求是擁抱入口,遮擋后面不太美觀的界面,最終的建筑之間的角度,建筑和PSA的相對角度都是算出來的,是唯一解。

趣場擁抱入口,同時和街道形成一個開放的姿態。總體在建筑高度上有一個高低高的節奏考慮。劇場在高度上面有降低,讓后面的展場能露出來。展場和劇場是兩個相對獨立的點,趣場一直扮演著和協調者的關系,趣場的難點是在協調和展場劇場的關系、和相鄰場地建筑的關系的同時又要做得有趣。

趣場經歷了最多的修改,從一開始的長向布置,占據整個展場,到慢慢縮減到現在的結果。這中間有很多原因,最主要的原因是大家達成共識,所謂的趣味空間不應該是讓人一眼看透的空間、需要有豐富的層次,深度、多層次空間處理手法,現在的結果,長度能夠達到沿街效果,寬度達到深度效果。整組建筑的每個部分做到了既能互相照應又有相對的獨立性。




評委:在設計過程中有哪些外部協調內容?

營員:因為我們的場地緊貼著PSA,又將要在雙年展期間開幕。所以我們對2018雙年展主題做了一些研究。

2018雙年展主題是“禹步”,這是中國古代道教儀式的步法,是一種徘徊于進退之間的神秘舞步。我們當時覺得一頭霧水,但看到它對應的英文標題“Progress”才恍然大悟,覺得這屆雙年展可能是在探討Progress(進步)和Regress(倒退)的辯證關系。那么我們想到如果我們在今天科技大發展的時代,選用非常廉價的材料但同時又創造出非常有品質的空間,也是我們對雙年展主題的回應。

在具體的設計過程中與結構、造價、施工的協調是我們每天很重要的工作內容。




評委建議

甘昊:我認為微更新主要需要解決三個問題。第一,是微,如何以小見大。展場組同學把周圍的環境特點融入到設計中去,是一種小中見大的方式;第二,是對環境的回應。如何在空間上回應周遭的使用需求,組織活動吸引人群,激發人和建筑互動的多種可能性; 第三,"更新"意味著要變得更好。微更新主要發生在城市當中,城市是當代人和社會的集合體,當代社會矛盾很多,社會結構的問題就需要考慮。另外,我們的這組建筑到底和雙年展的關系在哪里?我們對當代藝術的貢獻在哪里?在類型學上有沒有突破?比如有沒有可能為閃電展這種新型的展覽方式創造一種新的建筑形式?


>>> 關于“材料” <<<



評委:為什么使用現在的材料?這組建筑物還考慮了移建的可能性,關于它的使用壽命做了哪些考慮?


營員:考慮到后期移建的可能性,輕鋼結構和螺栓的結合方式是我們的設計要求之一。我們在設計過程中也研究了杜邦紙作為隔斷材料,但和材料廠家聯絡測試使用壽命沒能達到相對長期的使用要求。我們原先想使用陽光板作為屋面的主要材料,希望能創造出不一樣的觸感和氛圍光線。最終選用波形鋼板作為主要屋面材料,一是考慮了排水的便捷,二是由于波形板的構造特點能為屋面省去更多鋼梁,能使空間更簡潔也節約成本。





評委建議


童明:是否可以考慮以選用的材料和場地有所呼應?比如加入一些本地特有的舊材料。

王灝:我們需要思考一個建筑師設計的輕鋼結構,和做輕鋼搭建的熟練工的成果有哪些不同?我們是否可以有更多的創新?趣園的支撐是一個桿件的支撐是否還是可以有三角形的構建成為一種空間語言,是值得推敲的。

陳浩如:輕鋼結構也有很多種,圓管、方管、片等,單一的材料形式可能會減弱建筑語言。蛇形畫廊每年都有建筑師藝術家參與的搭建,用各種方式思考形式、材料、藝術品空間的統一性。我建議是否可以在你們現有的材料之外再加一種材料形式,比如說再生材料等,讓標準化的東西多一些變化,學生作品還是很可能成為大師作品的。面對造價和材料的限制,是否還可以有另外一種設計方式?比如說100根鋼材,我可以有哪些組合方式。

>>> 關于“技術” <<<



評委:建筑的穩定性如何考慮?


營員:目前我們都是通過壓重的方式解決穩定性問題。我們和結構工程師溝通,確定了在地梁上壓重的點,會和家具座椅結合。

評委:展廳眩光問題是如何考慮的?

營員:由于本次參展作品都不是傳統意義上展品,以裝置和行為藝術為主,所以我們認為不需要象傳統展覽空間那樣嚴格控制非常柔和的光線,燈光布置更多從展場氛圍考慮。



評委建議

甘昊:11月的上海,尤其在江邊需要重點考慮風和雨的問題。壓重的方式除了沙袋,也可以使用水,更加靈活方便。

李凱生:波形鋼板的排水還需要進一步的完善,自由排水仍需要一定的組織,尤其平屋面排水的處理、接縫的處理都需要進一步深化設計。展廳雖然針對的不是傳統展品,但仍需考慮日常的照明系統。

童明:劇場除了造型的考慮,需要對表演場景進行進一步細致研究。現在的燈光僅僅考慮了建筑形體的照明,將來會有什么樣的表演?會需要什么樣的燈光氛圍?這些問題都需要考慮。你們的作品不僅僅是藝術品更是一個可以使用的建筑。

講座嘉賓

童 明

同濟大學建筑與城規學院教授、博士生導師

TM STUDIO建筑事務所主持建筑師

研討嘉賓

(按姓氏筆畫排序)

王 彥

同濟大學建筑與城規學院客座教授

GOA大象設計總建筑師

王 灝

潤·建筑工作室主持建筑師

任教于中國美術學院建筑藝術學院

甘 昊

東南大學建筑學院特聘研究員

木土工作室Atelier MUTO創始人

朱 雷

東南大學建筑學院建筑系主任

阮 昊

零壹城市建筑事務所創始人、主持建筑師

任教于中國美術學院建筑藝術學院

李凱生

中國美術學院建筑藝術學院副院長、

環境藝術系系主任

青道房設計工作室主持建筑師

何 兼

中國美術學院建筑藝術學院客座教授

GOA大象設計執行總裁、總建筑師

張 迅

GOA大象設計總建筑師

陳浩如

中國美術學院建筑藝術學院副教授

山上建筑事務所主持設計師

陳 翔

浙江大學建筑工程學院建筑系副主任

賈 布

喜布特展創始人

黃明健

設計聚合(DESIGN HUB)創始人、主持建筑師

任教于中國美術學院建筑藝術學院

曹震宇

任教于浙江大學建筑工程學院建筑系

主持人

戴 春

Let`s talk創始人

城市微空間復興計劃發起人

同濟大學《時代建筑》雜志運營總監、責任編輯

2017上海城市空間藝術季聯合策展人


On the afternoon of September 6, 2018, a proposal evaluation meeting of “Gravitational Field 2018 – Work Camp of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan”, organized by GOA, Let’s Talk and XiBu, was held at No.12 Building of China Academy of Art. At the meeting, six contestants from Tongji University, Southeast University and China Academy of Art presented their proposals for the competition, and had an exciting discussion with 15 judges present.











An Overview of Gravitational Field

Urban Micro Space Revival Plan

Gravitational Field
2018 Work Camp

“Gravitational Field – A Link between the Art of Architecture and the Public Cultural Life” is an event launched by GOA. So far, there have been two successful editions of Gravitational Field. GOA hopes to identify and cultivate promising young architects through the research & construction of specific public space revival projects, and provide them with good opportunities to demonstrate creativity. In the meanwhile, each project completed will become a “gravitational field in the city”, providing spaces for community activities, artistic performances and parent-child games to spice up the vim and vigor of city blocks.



In 2018, GOA partnered with Let’s Talk to launch the 2018 Gravitational Field Work Camp to sustain people’s attention to urban space revival. The number of judges invited to the event is even more than twice as big as that of participants, as the aim is to ensure that the finalized works can withstand testing and be better presented to the public. In the meanwhile, it’s also an interesting experiment to work with universities to expose students to real-life setup processes. During the design and setup process, GOA and many well-known architects will mentor the students. The final installation will be set up and shown to the public at the front square of the Power Station of Art (PSA) in early November, and a series of academic activities and public events will be organized too.







Proposal Evaluation Meeting of “Gravitational Field 2018 – Work Camp of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan”

Gravitational Field 2018

Work Camp of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan

A Review of the Proposal Evaluation Meeting

An Introduction to the Activities and Needs of Gravitational Field

Jia Bu
Founder of XiBu



Gravitational Field always highlights two key elements, artistic installations and field activities. Any work of public art should be able to comply with the aesthetic taste of the public and have functional value.

-Site Upgrading: This year’s venue is located at the front square before the entrance of the Power Station of Art (PSA), with an area of 2,300 square meters.

- Requirements for “Exhibition”: This year, we will introduce a new form of exhibition called “X Flash”, which means that we will arrange different exhibitions for different days. Each exhibition will start setup at 10:00 a.m., and be demolished at 19:00 p.m.. Any materials used are not allowed to be left at the site over the night, so artists are required to use light-weight materials. The space of Gravitational Field must allow for the exhibition setup and demolishment needs, and mostly, natural lighting should be utilized for exhibition purposes.

- Requirements for “Theatre”: Rests, activities and small-sized
- On November 10, the PSA will organize Shanghai Biennale, an exhibition that is highly influential worldwide. This is sure to attract large numbers of visitors to our Gravitational Field.

- Analysis of Design Conditions

- Wang Yan

- Visiting Professor at the College of Architecture & Urban Planning of Tongji University

- Chief Architect of GOA



The Power Station of Art (PSA) is the most influential contemporary art museum in Shanghai. However, there has never been any event organized at its front square, the land management and use right of which lies with the nearly Urban Best Practice Area (UBPA), which is now an office area, rather than the PSA. During the daytime, you can rarely see office people doing any activity here. In the evening, some local residents will come here for leisure and relaxation. However, as there are no facilities or amenities, most of the traffic is not planned or organized in advance. This area is in the vicinity of the Huangpu River. Last year, Shanghai completed the connection project along the banks of the Huangpu River. Since then, Shanghai citizens have started to jog along the river. There are a lot of joggers in the evening, but they seldom come to this space for activities.


Presentations by Camp Participants



The project highlights connection with local communities. It exploits the advantages of the space to provide local communities with opportunities for more activities and interactions and create a unique and pleasant spatial experience. The project is scheduled to be launched on November 11 to inject powerful vitality into the area. 6 students from Southeast University, Tongji University and China Academy of Art, under the mentoring from architecture, structure, construction and material experts, are working hard to complete the project.


Team 1

>>> Come and Go - Theatre <<<

Zhang Xu and Qiao Runze

Seniors from the School of Architecture of Southeast University



Tasks: Image display, ensuring a match with the entrance of the PSA and harmony with other parts of the project

Strategy: To use a proper structure to emphasize the concept of “Come and Go”



For users, the structure extends outwards to other parts of the city (“Go”), and attracts people to gather (“Come”); thus, “Come” and “Go” characterize the form of the structure;
For designers, the structural design permeates and combines all phases (“Come”), and extends outwards to all aspects (“Go”).



The structure features a top with dispersive arms that are combined at the bottom, echoing with the logic of the design. It presents an interesting form of force transmission and creates a unique spatial experience, well fitting in with the image theme and the functionality purpose.





As the stage faces the street, it can attract people to come and have a look. Then, the activities going on, such as speeches, performances or shows, can further engage people. In this way, the structure realizes a rich variety of service purposes.



Technique: Setup of a steel structure



Corrugated steel plates are chosen for the coverage



The lighting is parallel to the direction of the corrugated steel plates



Team 2

>>>Walking through the Clouds - Leisure<<<

Yu Siyuan and Li Jiawen

Seniors from the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art



Problem: The site is empty and spacious, with almost no activity going on during the daytime. Only a few local residents come here for relaxation in the evening.



Expectation: Through the micro space revival project, it’s hoped that the square can be utilized and become lively during the daytime.

Idea: To create “floating clouds” so that people can have fun walking through them while sheltered from the scorching sun.


The “Leisure” section underwent the biggest change during the design period of Gravitational Field. From the initial extension of the structure over the whole site to the later focus on the pavilion in the front of the square. “Leisure” is now designed as an appealing place for leisure and relaxation with interesting interfaces for interaction.



Conclusion: An appealing place for relaxation and leisure with interesting interfaces for interaction



Triangular boards create varied visual effects, while enabling the whole structure to look open and inviting from the outsides. Inside, it builds up people’s expectations for activities.



Structurally, I-shaped steel pieces and bolts are hinged.



Team 3

>>>Review - Exhibition<<<

Yang Tianzhou and Deng Xifan

Seniors from the College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University

Thinking: From the perspective of “Exhibition”, is it possible to make the popular art museum an attractive exhibit in itself?



Analysis: The chimney is a symbol of the Industrial Age. Now, it looks obsolete in the Internet Age. Instead of demolishing it, the Power Station of Art (PSA) transformed it and gave it new meaning, purpose and value.



Strategy: To place “Exhibition” along the central axis of the PSA for the best viewing angle.



After the evaluation of different forms, including freely-shaped planes, square planes and triangular planes, it’s finally decided that a triangular cone should be adopted after considering factors such as materials, construction and structuring. It’s because a triangular cone can ensure stability and allow the creation of different functional spaces based on height changes.



It’s decided to locate the entrance at the southern side, as it ensures greater convenience to enter the structure and allows a better view of the chimney.



The Best Photo-Taking Point inside “Exhibition”



In addition to the use of corrugated steel plates, a small number of polycarbonate hollow sheets are used.



Keels of the same specifications are used, and connecting rods, paving, LED strips, and sockets are also carefully designed to ensure consistency.



Q & A Session for Proposal Evaluation

>>About “Overall Coordination”<<<



Judge: How do you communicate with the Employer? Do you have a clear idea who the Employer is?

Participants: Students responsible for project design are from three universities, and our Employer is a three-party consortium. We need to coordinate with Ms. Jia Bu, who is in charge of artistic exhibitions and other related activities, to ensure alignment. We also need to work with Mr. Wang Yan from GOA to meet his requirements about functionality, budget and materials. Besides, Dai Chun explained the meaning of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan to help us identify the focus. We have weekly meetings to discuss our designs, so there’s sufficient communication between the design team and the Employer.



Judge: How did you finalize your proposals?

Participant: Each team developed a proposal. The proposal for “Exhibition” was first finalized, because it’s where the whole set of structures starts. Then, it’s the “Theatre” section facing the street, and the “Leisure” section connecting the other two parts. This involved cooperation among different teams. Overall, we’re required to ensure integration with the entrance and conceal the less aesthetically pleasing parts. We worked out the best angles of the construction, and the best relative angle of the building and the PSA.

“Leisure” leads to the entrance while extending out to face the street. The overall design highlights a change in heights. The two ends are high, while the middle is low. “Theatre” is relatively low in height, allowing visibility of “Exhibition. “Exhibition” and “Theatre” are two independent points, with “Leisure” connecting and coordinating them. The challenge facing “Leisure” was how to balance the relations with “Exhibition” and “Theatre” and with neighboring constructions while ensuring a fun experience.

The proposal for “Leisure” underwent the most revisions. Initially, we wanted to stretch the structure along the whole square. Later, we reduced its length to what it is now. We did this for a lot of reasons. The most important reason is that we reached a consensus. We agreed that “Leisure” should have interesting dimensions, meanings and depths instead of offering a dull structure that can be easily interpreted. Now, the finalized design ensures that “Leisure” is long enough to run along the street and wide enough to have depths we want. Each part of the construction is independent while echoing and interacting with one another.



Judge: Was there any other factor you needed to coordinate during the design process?

Participants: Our venue is closely adjacent to the PSA, and the project is scheduled to be open to the public during the period of Shanghai Biennale. Therefore, we did some homework about the theme of “Shanghai Biennale 2018”.

The theme of Shanghai Biennale 2018 is “Proregress”, which refers to a form of movement used in the rituals of Taoism in ancient China. More specifically, it’s a mysterious movement between forward and backward steps. We didn’t understand why the term was used until we saw the theme expressed in English. To us, the Biennale probably uses “Proregress” to invite a discussion of the dialectical relationship between “progress” and “regress”. So we came up with the idea of using inexpensive materials to create high-quality spaces in the context of today’s rapid technological development, as an echo with the theme of Shanghai Biennale 2018.

During the design process, one of our daily priorities was to ensure a balance among structures, costs and construction.



Advice from the Judges

Gan Hao: I think the micro space revival program should focus on addressing three challenges. First, how to create big value through the revival of a micro space. The students designing “Exhibition” manage to blend the characteristics of the surroundings into their design. It’s a good answer to the challenge. Second, how to interact with the environment. It’s important to utilize the space to respond to functional needs of the environment and organize activities to attract people so as to create opportunities for interactions between people and the construction. Third, “revival” indicates improvement. Most of micro space revivals take place in cities. Cities are where individuals and communities are concentrated. Nowadays, we see a lot of conflicts and contradictions in our society. It’s necessary to take the social structure into consideration. What’s more, what’s the relationship between your set of installations and Shanghai Biennale? What’s your contribution to contemporary art? Is there any innovation in terms of construction types? Is it possible to create a new type of construction for X Flash, a brand-new form of exhibition?

>>>About Materials<<<



Judge: Why did you decide to use the materials you are using now? The construction will be removed after the scheduled period. What are your considerations for its service life?

Participant: Considering that all the installations might be removed and relocated, we decided to use light-weight steel and bolts. During the design process, we also considered whether it’s possible to use Tyvek for isolation. However, after a talk with the supplier for testing, we found that the service life couldn’t meet the need for long-term use. Besides, we initially wanted to use polycarbonate hollow sheets as the main roofing materials to create a unique feel, aura and lighting. However, eventually, we changed to corrugated steel plates to ensure convenient water drainage, reduced use of steel beams, streamlined space structure and cost savings.





Tong Ming: Is it possible to use some materials to establish a link with the site? For example, is it possible to use some old materials unique to the locality?

Wang Hao: We need to consider how a light-weight steel structure designed by an architect might differ from the final construction built by an experienced light steel setup worker. Is it possible to present more innovations? It’s worth considering whether it’s possible to make the triangular construction a spatial language in addition to the use of rods to support “Leisure”.

Chen Haoru: Light steel is divided into many types, including round tubes, square tubes, and sheets. The use of one single form of material may weaken the expressiveness of the construction. Serpentine Gallery invites architects and artists to build installations each year, and encourages different ways of thinking to achieve harmony of forms, materials, art works and spaces. I wonder whether it’s possible to add one more material into what you are using now. For example, how about the use of recycled materials to add variety to an otherwise standardized creation? I believe that with enough thinking, students’ works have a big chance of becoming masterpieces. Is there another form of design that can overcome the restraints of costs and materials? For instance, what combinations can you come up with for 100 pieces of steel?

>>>About “Technologies”<<<



Judge: How do you ensure the stability of the construction?

Participant: At present, we use loading to ensure stability. We have communicated with the structure engineers to determine loading points on ground beams. We have also considered furniture and seats.

Judge: Why do you decide to use dazzling lighting?

Participant: As the exhibits are untraditional, most of which are installations and action art, we believe it’s not necessary to use only soft lighting that people normally use for traditional exhibition spaces. We want to use lighting in alignment with the atmosphere of the exhibition venue.


Advice from the Judges

Gan Hao: It’s often windy and rainy by the riverside in November in Shanghai. In addition to the use of sandbags for loading, you should also consider water, which is more flexible and convenient.

Li Kaisheng: The water drainage system of corrugated steel plates should be further improved. It needs good organization. You should refine your design of the water drainage of the roof, and treatment of joints. While it’s unconventional exhibits that will be on display, you should also consider the need for daily lighting in the “Exhibition” section.

Tong Ming: In addition to the shape of “Theatre”, you should conduct further research into details of performance scenes. Your current lighting plan only covers lighting for the construction itself. You should also consider what kinds of performance will be going on to develop the most suitable lighting solution. All these are what you should think about. After all, your work is not just an artwork; moreover, it should be a construction with functional value.

Guest Speaker

Tong Ming
Professor and Doctoral Advisor at the College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University
Principal architect at TM STUDIO
Guests Invited to the Discussion

(Listed in the surname stroke order)

Wang Yan
Visiting professor at the College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University
Chief Architect of GOA

Wang Hao
Principal Architect of Rùn Atelier
Teaching at the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art

Gan Hao
Special researcher at the School of Architecture of Southeast University
Founder of Atelier MUTO

Zhu Lei
Dean of the Department of Architecture of the School of Architecture of Southeast University

Ruan Hao
Founder and principal architect of LYCS Architecture
Teaching at the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art

Li Kaisheng
Deputy Dean of the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art
Dean of the Department of Environmental Design of China Academy of
Principal Architect of Qingdaofang Studio

He Jian
Visiting Professor of the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art
President and Chief Architect of GOA

Zhang Xun
Chief Architect of GOA

Chen Haoru
Associate Professor of the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art
Principal Architect of CITIARC

Chen Xiang
Deputy Dean of the Department of Architecture of the College of Civil Engineering and Architecture of Zhejiang University

Jia Bu
Founder of XiBu

Huang Mingjian
Founder and Principal Architect of Design Hub
Teaching at the School of Architecture of China Academy of Art

Cao Zhenyu
Teaching at the Department of Architecture of the College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University

Host
Dai Chun
Founder of Let’s Talk
Initiator of the Urban Micro Space Revival Plan
Operation Director and Editor of Time + Architecture, a magazine of Tongji University
Co-curator of 2017 Shanghai Urban Space Art Season



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